The art nouveau movement was a movement at first then was a style that 19th and 20th century in Europe. This movement was included all sides of design art including painting, graphics, textile design, industrial design and architecture. The main core of formation of this movement was Belgium’s Brussels city where was one of the first States of Europe that the manifestations of age of industry was appeared in it. Related to formation of this evolution in Belgium, a store called art nouveau in Paris was opened and became one of the most important place for exposition of art works. Interior design of this store was done by the Belgium architect “Henry van de Velde”; and became symbol of a new move that art critics named it same as that store, art nouveau. This style speared in many countries and found different names. For example in France in addition to art nouveau, because of using this style in design of metro entrances by Hector Guimard, it also called Guimard style.
In Germany because of introduce of this style by a magazine called “Young” , it also called young’s style and in Austria because of separating from previous arts called separation style and in England and Spain because of being a new art, this style called modern or modernism. The most important property of this style is to criticism to imitation and separating from the past, using technology and new materials ( concrete and metals like iron, cast iron and steel ) Decorations and natural and romantic forms. One of the most important effects of this style can be mentioned in interior design of the Tassel House by Victor Horta, design of metro entrances in Paris by Hector Guimard , Glasgow school of art by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Majolica house by Otto Wagner and collection of Antoni Gaudí including Park Güell, Casa milà, Casa Batlló and Sagrada Família church.
Start: Belgium, Brussels, late 19th century;
The fame and expansion: interior design of the Art nouveau store in Paris by Van de Velde;
Other names: young style, separation style, modern style, modernism style;
Characteristic: criticism to imitation and separating from the past, using new technology and materials ( concrete, iron, cast iron and steel), romantic and natural forms and decorations;
The most important symbols: Tassel House, metro entrances in Paris, Glasgow school of art, Majolica house, Park Güell, Casa milà, Casa Batlló and Sagrada Família ;
The most important people: Van de Velde, Horta, Guimard, Mackintosh, wagner and Gaudí.